New blog in five minutes

As part of learning Ruby I wanted to move my blog to the Ruby platform. I started out by creating one myself using Ruby on Rails, but then I came across toto, “the tiniest blogging engine in Oz”, in a blog post by Mark Nijhof. It looked very promising, and I decided to give it a shot.

This walkthrough assumes that you have installed Ruby and Git and is somewhat familiar with using Git. Oh, and I am using a Mac, but I think it should work just as fine on Windows.


$ sudo gem install toto

That’s it. You have now installed the blog engine, but before you can get started writing your articles you need a toto template.

$ git clone git:// myblog
$ cd myblog

Dorothy is toto’s default template. It’s very minimalistic, but fully functional. If you want to customize it, all the files you need to change is located in the templates and public folders. It also comes with a Rack configuration file,, where you can configure your toto instance.

Writing in Markdown

toto uses no database or anything except .txt files for storing articles with metadata. The articles are written in Markdown and the metadata is stored in yaml at the very beginning of the file. Markdown is a plain text formatting syntax that gets converted to html. Its goal is to make it as readable as possible and I think they’ve succeeded. All you need is a simple text editor to get going.

To create a new article I recommend using the rake task for it.

$ rake new

You enter the title, hit enter, and the .txt file is created with necessary metadata and saved to the articles folder.

Open the file and start writing your article. When you are done writing, you need to commit the article to the git repository.

$ git add -A
$ git commit -m"Added new article"

Hosting it

The best (in my opinion) hosting option for Ruby is Heroku. It’s very easy to set up and it uses a pure git workflow for publishing your blog or site. For a small blog like mine, it is also completely free. No cost what so ever.

To publish your blog go to Heroku and sign up for an account. Then install Heroku on your machine.

$ sudo gem install heroku

After that is done, you need to make your blog a Heroku application.

$ heroku create myblog

Finally, you publish it. There are two ways of doing so. You can either use the rake task that comes with Dorothy or you can use the git push command. Essentially, they both do the same thing.

$ rake publish


$ git push heroku master
-----> Heroku receiving push
-----> Rack app detected
-----> Launching......... done

Your blog is now online! If you want to use your own domain it is also possible and very easy to set up with Heroku.

Disqus it

As part of the minimalistic approach of toto, it does not come with any custom built commentary module. For comments it uses the Disqus service. If you would like to enable comments, you go to, register for an account, and then you open the toto configuration file,, and changes

#set :disqus, false          # disqus id, or false


set :disqus, "YourDisqusId"  # disqus id, or false

People can now comment on your articles.

Running it locally

Sometimes it can be very useful to run the blog on local machine. Especially when tweaking layout and css there can be a lot of changes. I choose to run it on the thin web server.

$ sudo gem install thin

To start the web server type:

$ thin start -R

When I started it the first time I got an error

/Library/Ruby/Gems/1.8/gems/rack-1.2.1/lib/rack/utils.rb:138:in `union': can't convert Array into String (TypeError)

After some Googling I found that the error was most likely caused by Rack 1.2.1. When downgrading to Rack 1.1.0 it worked, although I don’t know why (yet).

When thin is running, go to http://localhost:3000 and browse your blog.


It took me longer to write this article than to get the blog up and running. That, I think, says a lot. I really like the minimalistic approach of toto and the frictionless publishing to Heroku. I also actually like writing in markdown.

If you are considering creating a blog, or maybe moving your existing, I would definitively recommend the toto and Heroku combo. After all, it will only cost you five minutes.